Research Professor of Applied Science

(757) 221-7762;

Prof. Levine teaches the origin, early history, and evolution of the atmosphere and the coupling between the origin and evolution of the atmosphere and the origin and evolution of life; global sources of atmospheric gases, including biogeochemical cycles, biogenic emissions and biomass burning.

Current Areas of Research:

1. Investigate the impact of wind-blown atmospheric dust on the temperature and density of the atmosphere of Mars.

2. How did Mars lose the bulk (>99%) of its atmosphere?

3. Atmospheric methane: Sources, sinks, atmospheric lifetime.

4. Why is the surface of Mars so highly chemically active?

5. Evidence for present-day liquid water on Mars (e.g., crater gullies).

6. Crustal magnetism on Mars: Origin of crustal magnetism and its implications as surface radiation “safe havens.”

7. Terraforming Mars to make it more hospitable for human colonization: Mechanisms, processes, time-scales.

8. Planning for the human exploration of Mars.

See: Joel S. Levine, Lecturer: Why We Need to Go Back to Mars at: TED, Ideas Worth Spreading

See: Mars airplane web pages at the NASA Langley Research Center.

See: Joel S. Levine, Co-Editor: "Colonizing Mars: The Human Mission to the Red Planet," in the special issue of the Journal of Cosmology

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